Renuka Yellamma is a powerful Goddess worshipped predominantly in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka. She is the “Mother of the Universe”. She is is the manifestation of Kali, who on one hand symbolizes the death of ego, and then again is the mother who is empathetic about her children.
Renuka Yellamma Charitra
Renuka Yellamma Born (Early Life):
Prasnejit was the leader of the Suryavamsha Ikshvaaku dynasty in power and in the present place of the Vidarbha region in Maharashtra. King was well known for his supremacy, but he remained childless even after having three wives.
This made the ruler unhappy. On the proposal of the priests of his court, he performs a sacred fire ritual for offspring. Flames of fire, a baby shone like gold. King was so happy and thought that the baby was a boon for the goddess Durga. Since the baby is not born of the belly of a woman, her name is Ayonija and the king names her Renuka. As she was born out of the fire, she was even praised as Agnihotri.
Renuka Yellamma Marriage
At the age of eight, Agastya, who was the guru of King Prasnejit, advised him to marry his daughter to Jamadagni at maturity. Jamadagni was the son of Ruchik Muni and Satyavati and had obtained the blessings of the gods by performing severe penance.
Renuka Yellamma Post Marraige Life
Renuka Yellamma and Jamdagni Muni lived in the Ramshrung Mountains, near the current day of Savadatti in the Belgaum district. Renuka Yellamma helped the Jamdagni Muni in all his tasks related to the execution of various rituals and puja. Gradually she became very close and dear to Jamdagni.
After a while, Renuka Yellamma gave birth to five sons, namely Vasu, Viswavasu, Brihudyanu, Brutwakanwa, and Rama Bhadra. The youngest son Ramabhadra is an incarnation of Lord Mahavishnu, later known as Parashurama. Parashurama was a powerful champion mastering all sciences. He did an immense penance for Lord Shiva and bought an ax from Maha Parashu. Then he is called Parashurama.
Renuka Yellamma Early Life
Every day, Renuka went to fetch water from a nearby river and this water was used for sacred rituals. Through her dedication to her husband and her ideality, Renuka was able to make pots out of dry sand. She makes a fresh pot of sand every day at the riverbed and wore it on her head swaying with a black cobra.
One fine morning, while Renuka Yellamma was heading towards the river to bring water by means of sandpots. After making pots, she entered the river to pour water.
In the water, she found the shadow of the Gandharva couple in prey to sexual games. Renuka woke up seeing this concentration lost and his sandpot on his head was broken.
she tried to make a new pot but the sand became piles and she was unable to finish it. She tried to catch Adhiseshu but she can not even catch him as this snake started to fly. She learned the reason for these things and went to the hermitage empty-handed. Seeing Renuka arrive empty-handed, Jamadhagni learned what had happened and cursed her for having a terrible skin disease. She curses her for the protection of all the Panchabhuthas. He also asked her to leave the hermitage and not be in his eyes.
Punishment and Resurrection
Jamadagni was furious with Renuka and ordered his sons to punish their mother. One by one, four of them categorically refused. Jamadagni, who had the power to burn anyone in one glance, went mad and turned the four of his sons into ashes. Parashurama, who was not there when it happened, found her mother crying near the piles of ash when she arrived and her father was still angry. Jamadagni told him what happened and ordered him to behead his mother for his unfaithfulness. Parashurama had to think quickly. Knowing his father’s powers and the extent of his anger, Parashurama immediately obeyed his father, using his axe.
His father then offered a bargain to Parashurama, who asked that his mother and brothers be brought back to life. To everyone’s surprise, Renuka’s spirit multiplied and moved to different regions. Renuka was back as a whole too. This miracle led her sons and others to become her disciples and to worship her.
*** Renuka is also popularly Know as Yellamma, means “Mother of the Universe” ***